Population Composition: Meaning, Characteristics & Components


Population composition refers to the structure of a population formed by components such as age, sex ratio, literacy, etc. Here we have shared the meaning and characteristics of Population composition and its components.

► What is Population composition?

Population composition is the portrayal of the qualities of a gathering as far as elements like their age, sex, conjugal status, training, occupation, and relationship to the head of the family.

Of these, the age and sex arrangement of any populace are generally broadly utilized. The number and extent of guys and females in each age bunch impressively affect the populace’s current and future social and monetary circumstances.

Population composition alludes to the segment cosmetics of people inside a geographic region. The creation of an area’s populace is valuable in extending the rate of sickness and passing, and hence medical care needs and requests.

Meaning of Population Composition

Population composition simply means the description of a population-based on its characteristics such as age, sex ratio, and other parameters.

Definition of Population Composition

Population composition can be defined as the structure of a population in terms of age, gender, and other factors such as literacy and marital status.

population composition meaning

  • Age and gender are major indicators of population composition.
  • Population Pyramid is a graphical depiction of the population by percentage in each age group, divided by gender.
  • These descriptions are necessary for understanding the social dynamics from historical Census data.

Information concerning changing segment arrangement over the long run is additionally significant. Population composition is the depiction of a populace as per the attributes like age, station, religion, language, and sex.

It is the dispersion of the populace based on these populace credits.

For instance, we could analyze the appropriation/thickness of the populace. What number of individuals live in provincial versus metropolitan focuses, and how firmly would they say they are pressed into these spots? Or then again, we could take a gander at riches.

► Characteristics Of Population Composition

Here are the features and characteristics of Population composition.

  • Age
  • Sex Ratio
  • Population Pyramid
  • Ethnicity
  • Marital Status
  • Literacy Level

◉ Age

The age construction of a populace is one of the fundamental segment qualities and is useful for segment examination and financial advancement arranging. By and large, less created nations have youthful populaces, while more created nations have old or maturing populaces (Population Reference Bureau, 2011).

The general quantities of various age bunches altogether affect social and financial strategies and how individuals carry on with their lives.

The age reliance proportion is the proportion of the number of individuals in subordinate age bunches contrasted with the financially useful age gatherings.

Subordinate age bunches are the youthful (matured under 15) and the old (more than 65). Individuals matured from 15 to 64 are classed as financially useful. The age reliance proportion is frequently utilized as a mark of the financial weight of the nations.

In nations with high age reliance proportions, there is an enormous number of old and youngsters who are subject to the financial usefulness of individuals in the middle age bunch.

The huge extent of youngsters in the populace implies nations with extremely high rates of birth have the most elevated age reliance proportions.

◉ Sex Ratio

The sex ratio is the proportion of guys to females in a given populace, generally communicated as the number of guys for every 100 females.

Sex ratio or proportions might fluctuate because of various examples of death and relocation for guys and females inside the populace.

For instance, guys are more powerless against wars and bound to be portable and relocate to different areas or nations, which would influence the sex proportion inside the populace, particularly for youthful grown-up guys.

◉ Population pyramid

Both key factors old enough and sex are joined in the populace pyramid. A populace pyramid is a chart that shows a populace’s age and sex organization.

The numbers or extents of guys and females in every five-year age bunch are addressed utilizing level bars.

Populace pyramids of nations can vary uniquely because of past and current examples of rates of birth, demise rates, and relocation.

✔ Types of Population Pyramid

  • Expansive
  • Constrictive
  • Stationary

1. EXPANSIVE populace pyramids show bigger numbers or rates of the populace in the more youthful age gatherings, generally with each age bunch more modest in size or extent than the one brought into the world before it.

These sorts of pyramids are generally found in populaces with extremely huge fruitfulness rates and below the norm futures.

The age-sex dissemination of Latin American and numerous Third World nations would likely show extensive populace pyramids.

2. CONSTRICTIVE populace pyramids show lower numbers or rates of more youthful individuals. The age-sex appropriations of the United States and Pennsylvania fall into this kind of pyramid.

3. STATIONARY or close fixed populace pyramids show to some degree equivalent numbers or on the other hand rates for practically all age gatherings.

More modest figures are still to be expected at the most established age gatherings. The age-sex appropriations of a few European nations, particularly Scandinavian ones, will quite often fall into this class.

Must Read :Sources of Recruitment

► Effects of Population Composition on Population Growth

An increment in the number of individuals on Earth will imply that the effects of their exercises will increment as well. Notwithstanding, it is vital to take note that this is certifiably not a straightforward circumstances and logical results relationship.

High populace development might drain assets and trigger social or monetary issues, yet these equivalent issues may likewise add to the reasons for high population development.

The effects of populace numbers on water assets and sterilization are canvassed in other review meetings. In this segment, we will check out the connections between quick populace development and issues with food, wellbeing, and neediness.

◉ Population development and food security

As the populace develops, how much food is expected to satisfactorily take care of individuals is expanding. Food security exists when all individuals consistently have physical and financial admittance to sufficient, protected, and nutritious food that meets their dietary requirements for a functioning and sound life (WHO, n.d.).

In many non-industrial nations, the quantities of ravenous, malnourished individuals who don’t have food security are developing. In Africa, farming creation is expanding, however, it is as yet lingering behind populace development.

This implies that even though the extent of the populace with deficient food is diminishing, the all outnumber of individuals is expanding.

Graff and Bremner (2014) revealed that somewhere in the range of 1992 and 2010, the extent of underweight youngsters in sub-Saharan Africa diminished from 27% to 22% of all kids, yet the number expanded from 24.8 million to 30.3 million.

◉ Populace growth and health

Population development has various impacts on wellbeing. Fast populace development expands interest in well-being administrations, frameworks, and monetary assets.

For a fast-developing populace, a lack of well-being laborers and assets causes challenges in getting to medical care administrations.

Importance & Use of Population Composition

  • It assists us with concentrating on the populace in a precise manner.
  • It shows the passing rate and development rate.
  • It makes us mindful of an Earth-wide temperature boost.
  • It assists us with halting the expanding per capita development rate.