Political Science is a social science that deals with the study of government, politics, and political systems. Here we have shared the scope of political science.
It is a wide-ranging academic discipline that encompasses various subfields, including political theory, international relations, comparative politics, public administration, public policy, and political economy.
Scope of Political Science
The scope of Political Science includes the study of the following areas:
- Political Theory
- International Relations
- Comparative Politics
- Public Administration and Public Policy
- Political Economy
- Study of Political Ideology
- Study of Conflict and Controversies
- International Organization
1. Political Theory
This subfield of political science focuses on the theoretical and normative aspects of politics, including questions about power, justice, democracy, citizenship, and rights. Political theory examines the philosophical foundations of politics, the origins and nature of the state, and the relationship between citizens and the state.
2. International Relations
International Relations is concerned with the study of the interactions between states and other actors in the international system, such as international organizations, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations.
This subfield analyzes issues such as international conflict, diplomacy, trade, globalization, human rights, and environmental politics.
3. Comparative Politics (Scope of Political Science)
Comparative Politics involves the study of political systems and institutions across different countries and regions. It seeks to understand similarities and differences in political systems, political cultures, and political outcomes. Comparative Politics can also involve the study of subnational politics within a country, such as regional or local politics.
4. Public Administration and Public Policy
Public Administration and Public Policy are concerned with the study of government organizations and the processes of policymaking and implementation. This subfield examines issues such as bureaucracy, regulation, public goods, public finance, and social welfare policies.
5. Political Economy (Scope of Political Science)
Political Economy is the study of the interrelationship between politics and economics. It examines how political institutions and policies shape economic outcomes and how economic conditions affect political behavior and decision-making.
6. Study of Political Ideology
Political Ideology refers to a set of beliefs, values, and principles that shape and guide political actions and policies.
The study of Political Ideology focuses on analyzing the different political ideologies such as liberalism, conservatism, socialism, feminism, nationalism, etc.
It aims to understand how political ideas influence political behavior, policymaking, and political outcomes.
7. Study of Conflict and Controversies
Conflict and Controversies are an inherent part of politics, and the study of Political Science aims to analyze and understand the various forms of political conflict and controversies.
It involves examining the causes and consequences of political conflicts, including violence, protests, civil wars, and revolutions. Additionally, it also involves analyzing the different methods used to resolve conflicts such as negotiation, mediation, and arbitration.
8. International Organization
International Organizations refer to institutions that are established to facilitate cooperation and collaboration between nations.
The study of International Organizations aims to analyze the role and functioning of international organizations such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization, and World Health Organization.
It examines the challenges faced by international organizations in achieving their objectives and the ways in which they influence global politics and policymaking.
In summary, Political Science is a diverse and complex discipline that examines the theory and practice of politics at the local, national, and international levels. It involves a wide range of topics and subfields, and its scope continues to evolve as political systems and global issues change over time.