Evolution of Management Thought: Theories with Examples


There is a long history behind the evolution of management thought. Understanding the evolution of management thought is significant as it figures out what management principles and practices turn out best for your group and your association. It can assist you with dealing with your group and working environment all the more actually.

Anyway, what is going on with the evolution of management thoughts, to get this, we want to travel once again into the past.

The Industrial Revolution in the mid-nineteenth century got amazing changes in the work environment. As production lines were the essential wellspring of business, the management authors and scholars focus on the tasks and labor force present on the manufacturing plant floors.

There were times when the interest was high however the absence of usefulness and effectiveness kept work environments down. The Industrial Revolution brought forth different administration speculations and ideas that were created over the long haul and are as yet pertinent today.

► What is Management Thought?

Management thought refers to the hypothesis that guides the management of people in the association. Initially, administration theories were developed out of the practical experience of the supervisors in the industrial organization. Later on, supervisors borrowed ideas from several other fields of study like science, anthropology, etc.

Management Thought Meaning

  • Management thought means the theories that guide the management of people in organizations.
  • Classical theories of management developed out of the practical experience of managers in industrial enterprises.
  • Later on, they borrowed ideas from other fields of study like science, anthropology, sociology, psychology, etc.

Evolution of Management Thought

To understand the whole concept of evolution of management thought, the theory is separated into 4 significant phases, which are as per the following:

  • Pre-scientific management period
  • Classical theory
  • Neo-classical theory (or behavior approach)
  • Bureaucratic Model of Max Weber

Pre-Scientific Management Period

As the modern insurgency happened in the eighteenth century, there was an enormous effect on the administration. The situation changed the strategy for raising capital, arranging work, and merchandise created for the people and organizations.

Business visionaries then, at that point, approached creation factors like land, work, and capital. The last advance was distinctly to put forth some attempt to join these elements to accomplish the objective effectively.

Be that as it may, after the modern insurgency, the fresher aspect taken by the executives is a result of the inclusion of specific outstanding characters who presented a few compelling thoughts and approaches for giving administration an adequate and exact bearing. Here is a brief on a portion of the characters and their speculations:

◉ Charles Babbage (1729 – 1871)

He was a Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University. Prof Babbage observed that producers utilized science and arithmetic and that they (makers) depended upon suppositions rather than examinations and precise information.

He felt that the techniques of science and math could be applied to the arrangement of strategies in the spot of mystery for the arrangement of business issues.

He upheld the utilization of exact perceptions, estimation, and exact information for taking business choices. He asked about the administration of a venture, based on exact information acquired through unbending examination.

◉ Robert Owens (UK 1771 – 1858)

Robert Owens, the advertiser of co-usable and worker’s organization development in England, underlined the acknowledgment of the human component in the industry. He immovably accepted that specialists’ exhibition in the industry was affected by the functioning circumstances and treatment of laborers.

He presented novel thoughts of human relations – more limited working hours, lodging offices, preparing of laborers in cleanliness, training of their kids, arrangement of the container, and so forth Robert Owen, dealt with a gathering of material factories in Lanark, Scotland, where he utilized his thoughts of human relations. However his methodology was paternalistic, and he came to be viewed as the dad of Personnel Management.

◉ Henry Robinson Towne (1844 – 1924)

H.R Towne was the leader of the renowned lock-producing organization “Yale and Town”. He encouraged the blend of architects and business analysts as modern administrators.

This blend of characteristics, along with at minimum some expertise as a bookkeeper, is crucial for the effective administration of modern laborers.

He inclined toward coordinated trade of involvement among chiefs and argued for a coordinated work to pool the extraordinary asset of amassed information in the specialty of the studio the executives.

The Classical Theory

Prof Babbage, Robert Owens, and different names prior referenced can be viewed as the trailblazers of the executives. However, their commitment to the development of the executives is nearly nothing.

The start of what is known as the study of executives began somewhat recently in the nineteenth century. Names like Emerson, F.W. Taylor, H.L. Award, and others, made ready for the foundation of what is called logical administration.

During the old style time frame, the executives believed was centered around work content, normalization, the division of work, and a logical methodology towards the association.

It additionally was firmly connected with the modern unrest as well as the ascent of enormous scope ventures.

Also Read : Classical Management Theory (in detail)

The Neo-Classical Theory

This time of development of the executives believed is an improvement of the old-style management theories. As such, it changed and enhanced the old-style theory.

For example, the Classical theory zeroed in addition to the area of occupation content, including the administration of actual assets, while the neo-traditional theories gave more significant accentuation to worker connections in the workplace.

Also Read : Scientific Management Theory

The Bureaucratic Model

A Sociologist called Max Weber proposed this model. What’s more, it incorporates an arrangement of rules, division of work depending on useful specialization, lawful power, and power, the pecking order of power, and the situation of representatives given their specialized skills.

Also Read : Administrative Management Theory

Evolution of Management Theories

Associations were molded actually and the works of a few conspicuous journalists comprised of the administration and administration of different realms. These portrayals framed the writing that fostered the administration’s speculations.

A few heads of religion, political issues, and the military additionally gave the administration models.

For example, the books such as Tzu Sun’s “The Art of War” and Chanakya’s Arthashastra utilized a few administrative purposes and the administration of the realm concerning the arrangement plans individually.

◉ The Evolution of Management Science

The executive’s development began with human advancement, and the advancement of the board science is the whole idea including a few hypotheses behind it.

Anything that we as of now have gets refined and improved as the executive’s musings and hypotheses.

This helps individuals in working on the information on the cycle and uses the administration standards for improving the general association.